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Your Guide to Basic Motorcycle Components

Is your motorbike your daily means to commute? Then you would already know how important it is for you to maintain a healthy, working motorbike, right?

In case you are unaware of the details of your motorbike, you must never take any chance of DIY and take your bike straight to a professional.

However, knowing more about your motorbike is always good, the more you know, the better it is.

So, in this article today, we will share complete information on the basic motorcycle components which a motorbike rider must be aware of.

A cylinder head

Similar to cars, motorbikes also come with an internal combustion engine which burns fuel in order to run other parts of the bike.

Cylinder head, as the name suggest seals the top of engine cylinders (combustion chamber) of your motorbike and is often made up of cast iron or aluminium alloy.


A motorcycle motor can have up to a max of six cylinders which too are made up of strong cast iron metal since they need to withstand very high temperatures.

Cylinders help pistons get ideal sealed space for free movement.

Usually, cylinders are also known as engine block and are used to measure the power of the engine. Different motorbikes can have different kinds of cylinders.

Single barrel motors are one of the least complex ignition motors out there. While they have their utilization, they likewise have certain disadvantages.

A solitary barrel motor is shabby to run. They don’t have high speeds, however they cool a lot speedier than most different motors.

They also release a large amount of vibration and clamor and thus can be awkward to ride and cause disturbance.

Twin cylinders are the most well-known kind of motorbike motor. Their sorts incorporate the straight-twin, v-twin, level twin and pair twin.

The more cylinders a motorbike has, the better the execution will be. This might be moderated by the capacity to control greater bikes.

There are even V8 and V10 (8 and 10 barrel motors in a V-shape), something similar to Batman’s ride.


The pistons move up and down inside the cylinders and thus help the connecting rod move from left to right simultaneously, transferring energy to the drive train.

Materials like cast iron, steel alloys with aluminium or nickel and cast iron are used to manufacture Pistons

Pistons, with their movement transfer the energy of the combustion of gases to the connecting rod.

Pistons move at tremendous speed and need to be in good shape as they can cause an accident if broken.

The Connecting/Piston Rod

The connecting or piston rod is the link between the pistons and the crankshaft. It converts the movement of pistons to a rotating of the crankshaft.

Normally, the material use for manufacturing the connecting or piston rod is steel, aluminium or titanium.

If there is a problem with the connecting rod, (where the crankshaft has worn out prematurely), you will have to take the motorbike apart to reach the parts which need replacement.

Piston rod issue can be tough, so make sure you have a professional to take care of it.

The Crankshaft

The crankshaft is a shaft that connects to the connecting rod, which rotates and moves in coordination with the pistons.

The movement of the crankshaft in turns moves the motorcycle chain and finally the tyres of the motorbike into motion.

The special shapes of the crankshaft mean the different pistons move at different intervals.

The timing of these intervals is very precise and if there is a miss, it can cause a lot of trouble.

The Spark Plugs

The spark plugs are one of the parts in the ignition/combustion system in your motorbike engine which produces a spark, to ignite the fuel-air mixture in the engine cylinders.

It assists the combustion engine convert your motorbike’s chemical fuel energy into kinetic energy and hence are very important for your motorcycle’s movement.

Just in case your motorbike’s spark plug is not working, there may be a problem with your battery, as you need electricity to make the spark plug spark and thereby ignite the fuel.

The Engine Valves

Engine valves are yet another important part of your motorbike since they control the movement of both air and fuel to and from the combustion chamber in addition to the gas that the combustion generates.

You should regularly check their condition and adjust them to make sure that the combustion process is happening correctly and efficiently.

So, these were the major motorbike components or parts that you as a rider must be aware of, after all you need all of them to keep your motorbike running.

Lastly, you should always ensure that you thoroughly get your motorbike checked on a regular basis from a professional or preferably a company owned garage to keep your motorbike healthy.

Disclaimer: This article was prepared or accomplished by it's author in their personal capacity. The opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not reflect the view of Motorbikes India or it's owners.

The views and opinions expressed on this web site are soley those of the original authors and other contributors. These views and opinions do not necessarily represent those of Steve Gerweck, the GERWECK.NET staff, and/or any/all contributors to this site.

About Motorbikes India

Motorbikes India (MI) is an online magazine about motorcycles in India. Motorbikes news, articles, clubs & events, routes, insurance, finance, maintenance & safety. We welcome contributions, from anyone that is enthusiastic about biking. If you are part of a motorbike club in India, please be sure to keep your club info and events up to date in our clubs section.

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